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Every Hill and Valley
The photos on this page are from the state of Washington.  The title is from
a line in a speech that has been widely attributed to Chief Seattle, for whom
the city of Seattle is named:  "Every hill, every valley, every plain and grove,
has been hallowed by some sad or happy event in days long vanished."
Lady Washington  -  Washington State's Tall Ship Ambassador
This replica of the 18th century sailing vessel,
Lady Washington, was built in
Washington in 1989 as part of the state's centennial celebrations.  She sails up
and down the Pacific coast, educating students in the history of merchant trading.
It was near this spot that Lewis and Clark reached the end of their journey and first
saw the Pacific Ocean in 1805.  Clark wrote, "Great joy in camp, we are in view of the
ocean, this great Pacific Ocean which we've been so long anxious to see."
Milk?  Coffee?  Tea?
In Washington, they have all three...
A recent Fortune magazine survey named the top 20 Most Admired Companies
in the U.S. and Washington has 4 of them:, Starbucks, Microsoft
and Costco.  In Seattle:  above, sketch of proposed biodomes (now under
construction) on Amazon's mega campus; below, Starbucks headquarters.
Milk Bottle:  Spokane
Coffee Pot:  Tacoma
Teapot:  Zillah
Chief Seattle was a greatly respected Duwamish chief who lived in what is now Washington
state.  In 1854, he gave a speech on the occasion of a visit from the territorial governor.
We have no way of knowing the actual text of Chief Seattle's speech, we only have the text that
was written thirty years later by Dr. Henry Smith, from his notes taken at the time of the speech.
That version appeared in a newspaper in1887 and is the text on which the versions that started
circulating later are based.  The excerpt below is from a more modern version.  -- Nancy
Every part of this earth is sacred to my people. Every shining pine needle, every sandy shore,
every mist in the dark woods, every clearing and humming insect is holy in the memory and
experience of my people.
We are part of the earth and it is part of us. The perfumed flowers are our sisters; the deer, the
horse, the great eagle, these are our brothers.
This land is sacred to us. This shining water that moves in the streams and rivers is not just water
but the blood of our ancestors.
If we sell you land, you must remember that it is sacred, and you must teach your children that it
is sacred and that each ghostly reflection in the clear water of the lakes tells of events and
memories in the life of my people.
The rivers are our brothers, they quench our thirst. The rivers carry our canoes and feed our
children. If we sell you our land, you must remember, and teach your children, that the rivers are
our brothers, and yours, and you must give the rivers the kindness you would give any brother.
What is man without the beasts? If all the beasts were gone, man would die from a great
loneliness of spirit. For whatever happens to the beasts, soon happens to man. All things are
You must teach your children that the ground beneath their feet is the ashes of our
grandfathers. So that they will respect the land, tell your children that the earth is rich with the
lives of our kin.
Teach your children what we have taught our children, that the earth is our mother.
Whatever befalls the earth befalls the sons of the earth.
All things are connected.
Man did not weave the web of life: he is merely a strand in it. Whatever he does to the web, he
does to himself.
The earth does not belong to man; man belongs to the earth.
This we know.
Chief Seattle's grave, Suquamish, Washington
Monument to Chief Seattle in the city that was named in his honor.
Lenticular cloud over Mt. Rainier